Beersheba: brutalist structure in the course of the desert

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Beersheba: brutalist structure in the course of the desert

Monument of the Negev Brigade – Dani Karavan (1963-1968). Picture © Stefano Perego

Human and Social Sciences Building Ben-Gurion University of the Negev - Rafi Reifer, Amnon Niv and Natan Magen (1968-1971).  Image © Stefano PeregoCentral Synagogue - Nahum Zolotov (1980).  Image © Stefano PeregoOrot Cinema - Zeev Rechter (1963).  Image © Stefano PeregoResidential building - Meir Cecik and Bitosh Comforti (1960s).  Image © Stefano Perego+ 16

Situated 108 kilometers south of Tel Aviv, Beersheba (Be’er Sheva) is likely one of the oldest cities in Israel. Though it has been round since biblical instances, the countryside and navy occupations have seen it destroyed and rebuilt over the centuries ensuing within the juxtaposition of assorted durations and cultures that may be seen all through town. One in every of Beersheba’s main transformations occurred in the course of the inhabitants growth of the Nineteen Fifties triggered by the formation of the State of Israel in 1948. To satisfy housing wants, the federal government rebuilt and expanded town, which shortly became a small navy outpost. of 4,000 folks in a bustling city middle in the course of the Negev desert.

Beersheba, like different Israeli cities, has change into an open-air architectural laboratory; a spot the place architects, impressed by Le Corbusier’s modernism, may experiment with new methods of city life.

Following the creation of the State of Israel in 1948, the architect Arieh Sharon had been named Director of the Nationwide Council and put in cost the group that will formulate the plans for the brand new metropolis. His time on the Bauhaus and as an apprentice beneath Walter Gropius and Hannes Meyer – working for the latter between 1929 and 1931 – would form his rationalist and modernist method to the conception of the nascent metropolis. Impressed by England New citiesSharon’s purpose was to design trendy city environments for the hundreds of Jewish immigrants who settled within the nation. On the time, newcomers discovered themselves concentrated within the few city facilities current within the nation on the time. The goal of the federal government was to distribute them evenly all through the nation by growing new cities within the territory. Israel noticed its inhabitants triple between 1948 and 1961, and between 1948 and 1957 plans for 28 new cities had been drawn up. Amongst these, Beersheba and Ashdod stood out.

To facilitate the development of a number of buildings, the federal government opted for the newest development expertise that will permit a quick and cost-effective large-scale development course of. A key factor was using compelled concrete as the principle constructing materials, which enabled the creation of a number of buildings – from residential and administration, to training, tradition and even leisure – in a short while. time. This alternative of supplies has led many buildings to undertake a brutalist fashion, acknowledged for his or her drastic kinds and materials brutality.

Lately, Stefano Perego labored to doc the architectural works that contribute to Beersheba’s brutalist legacy and to pay homage to the architects who, impressed by the occasions of the time and pushed by technological progress, introduced them to fruition. On this article, we spotlight a few of Beersheba’s Brutalist architectural works, as seen in Stefano Perego’s {photograph}:

Quarter-kilometer residential constructing

  • Architects: Avraham Yaski and Amnon Alexandroni
  • 12 months: 1958
"Quarter kilometer" Residential building - Avraham Yaski and Amnon Alexandroni (1958).  Image © Stefano Perego
Quarter-kilometer residential constructing – Avraham Yaski and Amnon Alexandroni (1958). Picture © Stefano Perego

Residential constructing

  • Architects: Meir Cecik and Bitosh Comforti
  • 12 months: 1960
Residential building - Meir Cecik and Bitosh Comforti (1960s).  Image © Stefano Perego
Residential constructing – Meir Cecik and Bitosh Comforti (Nineteen Sixties). Picture © Stefano Perego

Residential constructing “tower with drawers”

  • Architects: Moshe Lupenfeld and Giora Gamerman
  • 12 months: 1962-1967
Residential building
Residential constructing “Tower with drawers” – Moshe Lupenfeld and Giora Gamerman (1962-1967). Picture © Stefano Perego

Orot Cinema

  • Architect: Zeev Rechter
  • 12 months:1963
Orot Cinema - Zeev Rechter (1963).  Image © Stefano Perego
Orot Cinema – Zeev Rechter (1963). Picture © Stefano Perego

Monument to the Negev Brigade

  • Architects: Dani Karavan
  • 12 months: 1963-1968
Monument of the Negev Brigade - Dani Karavan (1963-1968).  Image © Stefano Perego
Monument of the Negev Brigade – Dani Karavan (1963-1968). Picture © Stefano Perego

Ben-Gurion College of the Negev Humanities and Social Sciences Constructing

  • Architects: Rafi Reifer, Amnon Niv and Natan Magen
  • 12 months: 1968-1971
Human and Social Sciences Building Ben-Gurion University of the Negev - Rafi Reifer, Amnon Niv and Natan Magen (1968-1971).  Image © Stefano Perego
Human and Social Sciences Constructing Ben-Gurion College of the Negev – Rafi Reifer, Amnon Niv and Natan Magen (1968-1971). Picture © Stefano Perego

Zalman Aranne Library of Ben-Gurion College of the Negev

  • Architect: Michael Nadler and Shulamit Nadler
  • 12 months: 1968-1971
Zalman Aranne Library of Ben-Gurion University of the Negev - Michael Nadler y Shulamit Nadler (1968-1971).  Image © Stefano Perego
Zalman Aranne Library of Ben-Gurion College of the Negev – Michael Nadler y Shulamit Nadler (1968-1971). Picture © Stefano Perego

College campus

  • Architect: Ram karmi
  • 12 months: 1974
Student residence - Ram Karmi (1974).  Image © Stefano Perego
Scholar residence – Ram Karmi (1974). Picture © Stefano Perego

Medical library

  • Architects: Arieh Sharon and Eldar Sharon
  • 12 months: 1976
Medical Library - Arieh Sharon and Eldar Sharon (1976).  Image © Stefano Perego
Medical Library – Arieh Sharon and Eldar Sharon (1976). Picture © Stefano Perego

Central synagogue

  • Architect: Nahum Zolotov
  • 12 months: 1980
Central Synagogue - Nahum Zolotov (1980).  Image © Stefano Perego
Central Synagogue – Nahum Zolotov (1980). Picture © Stefano Perego

Yad Lebanonim Memorial Museum

  • Architects: Yochanan Rechter and Mordechai Shoshani
  • 12 months: nineteen eighty one
Yad Lebanon Memorial Museum - Yochanan Rechter and Mordechai Shoshani (1981).  Image © Stefano Perego
Yad Lebanon Memorial Museum – Yochanan Rechter and Mordechai Shoshani (1981). Picture © Stefano Perego

Stefano Perego (1984) is an architectural photographer based mostly in Milan, Italy. He incessantly collaborates with architectural studios in addition to with artists and is the co-author of the e book SOVIET ASIA (Trendy Soviet Structure of Central Asia). His curiosity within the structure of the second half of the twentieth century was the focus of his images capturing modernist, brutalist and postmodernist works.





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